Payroll & Tax Solutions in Vietnam Payroll & Tax in Vietnam


Each country has its own set of unique laws and processes when it comes to employment and tax contributions. Vietnam is no different, as employers should be mindful of social security costs, health insurance, income tax and other tax payments, when administering a payroll. Therefore, it is important to ensure your business remains compliant with the relevant laws and regulations in Vietnam.

Managing a payroll in Vietnam

The tax period in Vietnam starts on the first day of the calendar year and ends on the last, therefore from 01 January to 31 December. With regard to the payroll, both employers and employees have obligations to contribute to various insurances and funds. Pay slips are required to have details of the relevant pay period, deductions and tax payments. Employers have to consider deductions, tax contributions, allowances and bonuses when managing a payroll.

Personal Income Tax (PIT)

The tax system in Vietnam, taxes individuals on their worldwide income. Taxpayers are categorized as either ‘residents’, who are taxed on their worldwide income, or ‘non-residents’ who are taxed only on their income sourced from Vietnam. Resident foreign citizens are required to declare all of their income, regardless if it originates from a source outside of Vietnam. A foreign individual is considered a resident if:

  • He/she is physically present in Vietnam for 183 days or more in a calendar year
  • He/she is physically present in Vietnam for 12 consecutive months from date of arrival
  • He/she has a permanent residential place in Vietnam

Social Security Deductions in Vietnam

There are 3 types of employee insurance available in Vietnam:

  • Health insurance
  • Social insurance
  • Unemployment insurance

Previously foreign employees in Vietnam were only entitled to health insurance. However after 1 January 2018, foreign workers are eligible for social insurance contributions.

Local Employees

For local employees, payroll taxes and contributions are as follows:

 EmployeeEmployer
Personal Income Tax5-35% (dependent on income)
Trade Union Fee (if applicable)2%
Social Insurance8%17.5%
Health Insurance1.5%3%
Unemployment Insurance1%1%

Foreign Employees

For foreign employees, payroll taxes and contributions are as follows:

 EmployeeEmployer
Personal Income Tax5-35% for a resident 20% for a non-resident
Trade Union Fee (if applicable)2%
Social Insurance0%3.5%
Health Insurance1.5%3%

Registration of employees

In terms of the Vietnam Labor Code, an employment contract is needed for all employees employed in Vietnam. The contract should carefully outline the rights and responsibilities of both the employer and employee, for the duration of the contract. The contract should also mention the specific terms and conditions of employment. Contracts also need to be made in accordance with the employment laws in Vietnam, providing for probationary periods, notice periods and cases for dismissal.

Let INS Global Administer your Payroll in Vietnam

With a well-established track record of assisting companies, from various industries, administer their payroll, INS Global may be the partner for you. INS Global is fully equipped to assist your enterprise with the management of your payroll in Vietnam with consideration of cost, expertise, flexibility and efficiency in mind. With more than 15 years of experience and industry knowledge, INS Global is the leading HR consultancy in Asia.

INS Global payroll & tax solution

Why outsource your payroll & tax submissions

  • 1Our solutions are carefully adapted to the needs of your business
  • 2Our transparent and consistent service makes it easy for you to focus on your core business
  • 3Leverage our extensive experience and close relations with local tax authorities
  • 4We stay consistently informed on all regulatory changes and keep you 100% compliant with Singaporean rules

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