The two biggest polluters of the planet agreed, Wednesday, November 12th, on goals to achieve to fight against global warming. China, a country that produces the most polluting gases, has set the goal of greenhouse gas emissions peak “around 2030”. For the United States, a reduction of 26-28% of emissions by 2025 compared to 2005. Can we really consider this agreement as “historic”, as Barack Obama said, as it is not binding? Are the stated objectives really enough? Regarding this event what is to expect for the climate conference held in Paris at the end of 2015?
A step towards an atmospheric sanitation.
The United States and China have pledged to reduce their emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) to contribute to the fight against climate change.
What does the agreement provide:
– As for the United States: reducing CO2 emissions by 26-28% by 2025 compared to 2005.
– For China: to reach the peak of CO2 emissions by 2030, which implies to start a decline after that date at the latest. At the same time, Beijing is committed to rise to 20% the part of renewable energies in energy production during the same period.
Although this agreement will probably not be enough to keep the rise in global temperatures below 2 ° C during the twenty-first century, it is a milestone in the global consciousness, Beijing having never committed to reducing its whole emission before.
Even if the intervention is quite late and the deadlines set are very far in time, the involvement of Washington and Beijing changes the game in the fight against global warming. Together, these countries accounted for 42% of global CO2 emissions in 2013 (in terms of combustion of fossil fuels), according to data from the Global Carbon Project, an international consortium of research reference.
By volume, China overtook the United States…
China is the first country emitter of carbon dioxide since 2005, when it “overcame” the United States. Beijing’s emissions literally rose up in the early 2000s and continue to grow at an alarming rate: 3.9% in 2013 after 5.6% in 2012, 9.8% in 2011 … For ten years, China’s annual CO2 emissions have increased by 120%.
However, after a peak in 2007, the annual CO2 emissions of the United States declined overall during the past six years (- 10%). The effort, however, remains uncertain: the emissions are rising again in 2013 (2.6%).
With respectively 9.9 billion and 5.2 billion tons of CO2 emissions in 2013, China and the United States are far ahead from the European Union (3.4 billion), India (2.4 billion) or Russia (1.8 billion).
Chinese emissions are mainly related to the consumption of coal (7.2 billion tons of CO2 in 2013), followed by that of oil (1.3 billion) and cement production, which generates a lot of carbon dioxide (1 2 billion).
China is and remains attractive
Polluted haze in Beijing or Guangzhou change nothing: China is a paradise for young Europeans seeking to escape an Old Continent in crisis.
According to an HSBC survey, the People’s Republic of China is the country where expatriates in the world are the happiest. With more than 7% growth announced for the coming year, China offers opportunities and a strong potential development for professional careers. But also a cultural scenery enjoyed by many young foreigners. In recent years, their presence has continued to strengthen in the second world economic power. For example, the French were 22,000 officially registered in consulates in China in 2009. At the end of 2012, there were more than 30,000. In reality, they would be more than 45,000, over a third that do not fit on consular lists. They are concentrated in big cities like Shanghai, Beijing, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Chengdu and Hong Kong.
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